Super Blue Blood Moon incoming: Watch it when and where

The full'wolf moon that lit up the sky in January this year

In less than a week, a "super blue blood moon" will grace the skies for the first time in more than 150 years.

A blue moon - which isn't blue at all, unless the atmosphere is choking with garbage - is the second full moon to fall within the same calendar month.

"Supermoon" is a popular term for what astronomers call a "perigee full moon". The name "super blue blood moon" may be hard to decipher, so we'll break down what exactly is special about this astronomical event as well as the best way for you to witness it for yourself.

The star of the big night is the total lunar eclipse.

At 4:51 a.m. CST the penumbra - the lighter part of the Earth's shadow - will touch the moon. Australians will see another lunar eclipse in July this year, when the Earth, sun and moon come together again in ideal alignment.

Pierce explains that a lunar eclipse occurs when earth's shadow blocks the sun's light, which otherwise reflects off the moon.

The full moon on January 31 is the second of the month, the first being January 1. When the sun is high in the sky, red light passes straight through to the ground while blue light is scattered in every direction, making it more likely to hit your eye when you look around.

It's unclear when another super blue blood moon will take place. Think of it as moon "wobble" that results in the moon getting even closer and giving us a really big super moon.

As is well known, the start and the end of the Hijric months depend on Moon's motion whether it completes one cycle approximately in every 29.5 days or not, and based on that the length of each Hijric month is decided.

"Nearly a decade earlier, "Blue Moon" had been used in the Maine Farmers' Almanac to mean the third full Moon in a season containing four of them (rather than the usual three)".

In an interview with Newsweek, NASA planetary geologist Sarah Noble elaborated on what exactly is significant about this rare Super Blue Blood Moon. Stargazers will need to wait until May 18, 2019, for a blue moon that fits this older, original definition.

A supermoon occurs when the moon is full and its orbit is closest to the Earth.

Finally, to add the cherry on top, this will also be a supermoon. The moon orbits the Earth in an ellipse. Because of its closeness, it's expected to appear 13 percent wider and 28 percent larger than it did during it did on January 15, when the orb was at its furthest point from Earth.

This happened with our full moon earlier this month on January 1 and will again on January 31. A full moon that happens near perigee is called a supermoon by some. The distinction is usually hard to notice unless you're looking at two pictures side by side. "For those in the Middle East, Asia, eastern Russia, Australia and New Zealand, the "super blue blood moon" can be seen during moonrise in the morning on the 31st".

"Nolle simply gave it a sexy name", Boyle says. "The moon will appear copper-reddish in colour".

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